USZA Commercial Facility Accreditation Standards (Continued)

Exceptions to Standard Caging Requirements for Captive Wildlife

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Wildlife may be temporarily housed in cages or enclosures smaller than the sizes set forth above only under the following circumstances

  1. For transport and for performing and non-performing animals as approved by UAPPEAL.
  2. Wildlife being held for sale by those persons properly licensed or for veterinary care, or quarantine may be temporarily housed or caged in smaller cages or enclosures for a period not to exceed 60 days. With written notification to USZA, this period may be extended in circumstances where a licensed veterinarian has certified that a longer holding period is medically necessary in the interests of the health, safety and welfare of the subject animals or the public. Medical records concerning all animals for which an extension of the 60-day period is obtained shall be maintained at the facility and shall be made available for inspection, upon request, by USZA. The caging or enclosure of all wildlife temporarily held under this section shall not be smaller than that required for the caged animal to stand up, lie down, and turn around without touching the sides of the enclosure or another animal. All wildlife thus caged or housed shall be permanently marked or their enclosures shall be permanently marked, so as to be traceable to written records indicating the date the wildlife was placed in temporary holding. Such records shall be maintained and made available for inspection by USZA.
  3. The standard caging requirements shall not apply to facilities possessing ratites (ostriches, rheas, emus, and cassowaries) for propagation purposes only and not for public exhibition.
  4. Newborn and juvenile mammals may be temporarily kept in enclosures below the standard caging requirements and are exempted from the land requirements and structural strength requirements as follows:
    1. Newborn mammals may be kept in incubation and rearing facilities. Nursing young may be maintained with their parents with no increase in required cage size for the adult animal for up to twelve weeks, provided that documentation is available to show the age of the young. Such time may be extended with a veterinarian's statement, showing that such size cage is required for the continued health and welfare of the animals until a certain date.
    2. Juvenile mammals may be kept in enclosures that meet or exceed the size specification in subsection (2) of this section provided that:
      1. Written documentation is available to verify the age of the animal.
      2. The animal is marked or otherwise identifiable.
      3. The animal shall be provided space for exercise on a daily basis.
      4. Cages that meet the standard caging requirements shall be provided for Class I and Class II carnivores when they reach 25 pounds or six months of age, whichever comes first. Class III carnivores shall be provided cages that meet the standard caging requirements at six months of age. Class I, II, and III primates shall be provided cages that meet standard caging requirements at twelve (12) months of age.
  5. Hatchling/fledgling birds and newborn reptiles and amphibians may be held in enclosures that allow for normal postural movements and social adjustments that ensure the health and sanitary needs of the animals.
  6. Birds held temporarily for exhibit only and not for sale, may be kept in show cages or enclosures for a maximum of three (3) days, provided that, such birds have sufficient space for perching without touching the sides, top, or bottom of the cage and the health and sanitary needs of the birds are met. Water shall be available in the show cages at all times.
  7. Reptiles and amphibians held temporarily for herptile shows, expositions, and exhibits may be kept for a maximum of three (3) days in enclosures that allow for normal postural movements and social adjustments and that ensure the health and sanitary needs of the animals.
  8. Cages or enclosures for mobility impaired animals shall meet standard caging requirements, unless it can be demonstrated that such cage or enclosure, or its required accessories, are detrimental to the health or welfare of the animal. In such cases, written documentation by a veterinarian confirming the need for such exemption shall be maintained by the permittee and made available to USZA upon request.

Elephant Rides

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  1. No person, firm, or corporation shall use elephants for rides without first obtaining special UAPPEAL authorization.
  2. Qualifications for Elephant Ride Authorization
    1. Safety record: Applicants for elephant ride authorization shall include in their initial application or application renewal, information that will identify, by drawings and/or photographs, the animal(s) that will be used in the rides. The application, or application renewal, shall also include a certified statement on the complete safety record of the animal(s). No elephant that has caused a serious injury or death to a handler, trainer, member of the public, or other person within five years prior to application, shall be used for rides. Incidents that occurred prior to the five year period may be reviewed by USZA for possible exclusion of the elephant for rides, in accordance with the following factors:
      1. The circumstances surrounding the injuries caused by the elephant.
      2. The seriousness or extent of injuries, or number of individuals affected.
      3. The number of incidents in which the elephant was involved.
  3. USZA shall have approval authority regarding the use of elephants authorized for rides following consideration of the above factors. In addition, if an elephant(s) is involved in a safety incident subsequent to the approval of the application USZA may direct the animal to be removed from all exhibition activities until the conclusion of the investigation.
    1. Safeguards: Applicants shall provide documentation of safeguards to insure public safety. This documentation shall include:
      1. An emergency plan for protecting the public that specifies what to do in case of elephant incidents; where tranquilizing equipment and/or firearms are kept; who is to use tranquilizing equipment, and when they shall be used to capture, control, or destroy escaped or out-of-control animals.
      2. Such equipment, and an employee trained in the use of such equipment, shall be on the premises at all times that such wildlife is in a public contact situation.
    2. Experienced supervision: All elephant rides shall be supervised by a minimum of one qualified handler and one assistant. Applicants shall provide documentation that the handler has had not less than six months of experience in elephant handling. Such handler and assistant shall be in the immediate presence of the elephant at all times when the elephant is in a position to be in direct contact with the public. Applicants shall include the names of handlers and the experience documentation in their initial application, and in their renewal applications thereafter.
    3. Barriers: A protective physical barrier shall be present between the elephant and the public at all elephant ride sites. Such barrier shall prevent bystanders from touching the animal. Applicants shall include in their application package photos or drawings of barriers they intend to use and a description of materials used to construct such barriers.
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