USZA Commercial Facility Accreditation Standards (Continued)

Transportation Requirements for Wildlife

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Caging Requirements for Performing and Non-Performing Animals. General requirements for transporting wildlife in vehicles. No vehicle shall be used in transporting any wildlife except as follows:

  1. Vehicles shall be equipped to provide fresh air without injurious drafts and adequate protection from the elements to all animals.
  2. The animal traveling area shall be free of engine exhaust fumes.
  3. Fecal and food wastes shall be removed from the animal quarters daily.
  4. Animal cages shall have openings for emergency removal of wildlife.
  5. Wildlife in transport shall be protected from extremes in temperature that could be detrimental to the health and welfare of the animal.
  6. Wildlife transported in the same cage area shall be in compatible groups.
  7. The animal's cage or enclosure shall be of sufficient strength and security to prevent escape. The cage or enclosure shall be large enough to ensurethat each specimen has sufficient space to turn, stand erect, and lie naturally. Provided, however that certain species may be restricted in their movements according to professionally acceptable standards when such freedom of movement would constitute a danger to the animals, their handlers, or other persons.
  8. Elephants shall be tethered during transport (except nursing young).
  9. Wildlife shall not be placed in enclosures over other specimens unless each enclosure is fitted with a floor which prevents excreta from entering lower enclosures.
  10. Wildlife shall be watered every 4 hours and fed daily.
  11. Mobile Exhibits -- Performing Animals
    1. No mobile exhibit shall utilize the performing animal caging dimensions prior to approval by USZA. To obtain such approval, the permittee shall provide written schedules to USZA of wildlife exercise intervals and scheduled performances. The exercise intervals shall be of such frequency, intensity and duration as to provide for the health and welfare of the animal over an extended period, provided that the animals shall not be caged without exercise or performances for more than a 72-hour period. Performing and exercise information shall be verifiable by USZA through inspections.

Performing animals used in mobile exhibits shall not be confined in any cage or enclosure that is smaller in dimension; or is not equipped as follows

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  1. Class I and Class II Carnivores (i.e., lions, tigers, jaguars, leopards, pumas, bears, hyenas, wolves)
    1. For a single animal, a cage which shall permit the animal to turn or stand on all-fours with head clearance, and confined in such a manner so that no animal can injure another. For Class I animals, cages shall be constructed of steel, case hardened aluminum, alloy, or strength equivalent material. If bars are used, bars shall be spaced no more than 2 inches apart. For Class II animals, cage construction shall not be less than 9 gauge chain link or strength equivalent material. Cages of Class I and Class II animals that the public can access, shall be equipped with a physical barrier, which is made of a material to prevent the public from coming in contact with the animals. All cages shall have secure locking devices.
  2. Primates, Class I and Class II
    1. For a single animal, a cage which shall permit the animal to turn and stand erect with head clearance, confined in such a manner so that no animal can injure another. For Class I animals, cages shall be constructed of steel, case hardened aluminum, alloy or strength equivalent material. If bars are used, bars shall be spaced no more than 2 inches apart. For Class II animals, cage construction shall not be less than 9 gauge chain link or strength equivalent material. Cages of Class I and Class II animals that the public can access, shall be equipped with a physical barrier, which is made of a material to prevent the public from coming in contact with the animals. All cages shall have secure locking devices.
  3. Elephants
    1. When not performing or being exercised, elephants shall either be:
      1. Securely tethered.
      2. Enclosed by an electric fence, under the supervision of at least one qualified handler and in an area not accessible to the public.
  4. Class III Animals
    1. For a single animal, a cage which shall permit the animal to turn and stand on all fours, or stand erect, with head clearance, confined in such a manner so that no animal can injure another.

Time limitation on smaller travel caging allowed for housing performing animals

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For performing wildlife possessed by traveling zoos and other traveling acts, wildlife shall be housed in cages or enclosures that meet or exceed the specifications as provided by USZA whenever such wildlife is housed in such travel cages or enclosures for more than 90 days. Performing wildlife shall not be kept in cages or enclosures below the size required by the standard caging requirements for more than a total of 90 days out of each 120 day period. Such mobile exhibits shall provide an itinerary of planned exhibition times and locations with annual renewal applications.

  1. Mobile Exhibits -- Non-Performing Animals
    1. Non-performing wildlife in mobile exhibits shall not be confined in any cage or enclosure that is smaller in dimension or is not equipped as follows:
      1. Class I and Class II Carnivores (i.e., lions, tigers, jaguars, leopards, pumas, bears, hyenas, wolves)
        1. For a single animal, the cage length shall be double the body length (excluding tail), with a width that is equal to the body length, and a height that permits the animal to stand on all-fours with head clearance. For two or more animals kept together, add one-third more cage length for each additional animal. For Class I animals, cages shall be constructed of steel, case hardened aluminum, alloy or strength equivalent material. If bars are used, bars shall be spaced no more than 2 inches apart. For Class II animals, cage construction shall not be less than 9 gauge chain link or strength equivalent material. Cages of Class I and Class II animals that the public can access, shall be equipped with a physical barrier, which is made of a material to prevent the public from coming in contact with the animals. All cages shall have secure locking devices.
      2. Primates
        1. All cages shall be well ventilated and shall have secure locking devices. Each cage shall have an overhead pull bar and a shelf. For two or more animals kept together, add one-third more cage length for each additional animal. For Class I animals, cages shall be constructed of steel, case hardened aluminum, alloy or strength equivalent material. If bars are used, bars shall be spaced no more than 2 inches apart. For Class II animals, cage construction shall not be less than 11 1⁄2 gauge chain link or strength equivalent material. Cages of Class I and Class II animals that the public can access, shall be equipped with a physical barrier, which is made of a material to prevent the public from coming in contact with the animals.
      3. Gorillas
        1. For a single animal, a cage 8 feet by 8 feet, with a height at least 2 feet over the standing height of the animal.
      4. Orangutan
        1. For a single animal, a cage 7 feet by 7 feet, with a height at least two feet over standing height of the animal.
      5. Adult chimpanzee
        1. For a single animal, a cage 61⁄2 feet by 61⁄2 feet, with a height at least two feet over standing height of the animal.
      6. Chimpanzees up to 50 pounds and macaques
        1. For a single animal, a cage 5 feet by 5 feet, with a height at least two feet over standing height of the animal.
      7. Elephants
        1. For one animal in a non-performing capacity, a paddock that is double the body length in length and equal to the body length in width. For two or more animals kept together, increase square footage by one third for each additional animal. Other than for exercise periods, elephants not kept in a paddock shall either be:
          1. Securely tethered.
          2. Enclosed by an electric fence under the direct, on-site supervision of a least one qualified handler and in an area not accessible to the public.
      8. Class III animals (except reptiles)
        1. For a single animal, the cage length shall be double the body length (excluding tail), with a width that is equal to the body length, and a height that will permit the animal to stand on all fours, or stand erect, with head clearance. For two or more animals kept together, add one third more cage length for each additional animal.
      9. Time limitation on smaller travel caging allowed for housing non-performing animals.
        1. For non-performing wildlife possessed by traveling zoos and other traveling acts, wildlife shall be housed in standard cage specifications as provided by USZA whenever such wildlife is present in such travel cages or enclosures for more than 45 days. Non-performing wildlife shall not be kept in cages or enclosures below the size required by the standard caging requirements for more than a total of 45 days out of each 90 day period. Such mobile exhibits shall provide an itinerary of planned exhibition times and locations with annual renewal applications.
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