USZA Commercial Facility Accreditation Standards (Continued)

Structural Caging Requirements for Class I, II and III Wildlife

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  1. In addition to the standard caging requirements set forth above, Class I and Class II animals shall be caged in accordance with the following requirements:
    1. A fence sufficient to deter entry by the public, which shall be a minimum of four (4) feet in height, shall be present around the premises wherein Class I or Class II animals are housed or exercised outdoors.
    2. All cages or enclosures of Class I and Class II animals except paddocks, approved open air habitats, or outdoor reptile enclosures shall be equipped with a safety entrance. A safety entrance is defined as a protected, secure area that can be entered by a keeper that prevents animal escape and safeguards the keeper, or a device that can be activated by a keeper that prevents animal escape and safeguards entry. Such entrances shall include: A double-door mechanism, interconnecting cages, a lock-down area, or other comparable devices, subject to USZA approval, that will prevent escape and safeguard the keeper. Safety entrances shall be constructed of materials that are of equivalent strength as that prescribed for cage construction for that particular species.
    3. All cages or enclosures constructed of chain link or other approved materials shall be well braced and securely anchored at ground level to prevent escape by digging or erosion. Cages shall be constructed using metal clamps, welds, ties or braces of equivalent strength as the material required for cage construction for the particular species. (staples and bailing wire are not sufficient.)

Additional Requirements For Specific Species

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  1. Chimpanzees (over 50 pounds), gorillas, orangutans.
    1. Outdoor facilities -- Cage construction materials shall consist of steel bars, or double panel fence 6-gauge to prevent escape in case of fence breaking, two-inch galvanized pipe, masonry block or their strength equivalent.
    2. Indoor facilities – Shall be constructed of the same as 1 except the substrate should be of a material that can be cleaned daily and sanitized once per week. Sleeping perches shall be provided so the animal does not have to be on the floor.
  2. Chimpanzees (up to 50 pounds), drills, mandrills, baboons, snow leopards, jaguars, tigers, lions, bears.
    1. Outdoor facilities -- Cage construction materials shall consist of not less than six (6) gauge chain link or equivalent.
    2. Indoor facilities -- Shall be constructed of the same as 1 except the substrate should be of a material that can be cleaned daily and sanitized once per week. Sleeping perches shall be provided so the animal does not have to be on the floor.
  3. Rhinoceros, elephants, hippopotamus, cape buffalos.
    1. Indoor and outdoor facilities -- Construction materials shall consist of steel bars, cable, pipe, masonry block or equivalent.
  4. Crocodiles, gavials, alligators, caimans, komodo dragons.
    1. Outdoor facilities -- Bounded by a fence at least five feet in height and an incline of 2 feet at a 45 degree angle of not less than 11 1⁄2-gauge chain link or equivalent.
  5. Siamangs, patas monkeys, howler monkeys, uakaris, mangabeys, guenons, bearded sakis, guereza monkeys,  indris, langurs, proboscis monkeys, spider monkeys, woolly monkeys, and capuchin monkeys, ocelots, servals, lynx, bobcats, caracals, African golden cats, Temminck's golden cats, fishing cats, wolves, coyotes, Asiatic jackals, Indian dholes, African hunting dogs, binturongs, and Old World badgers.
    1. Outdoor facilities -- Construction material shall consist of not less than 11 1⁄2-gauge chain link or equivalent.
    2. Indoor facilities -- Shall be constructed of the same as 1 except the substrate should be of a material that can be cleaned daily and sanitized once per week. Sleeping perches shall be provided so the animal does not have to be on the floor.
  6. Gibbons, Celebes black apes, Macaques, Leopards, Cougars, Clouded leopards, Cheetah.
    1. Outdoor facilities -- Construction material shall consist of not less than 9-gauge chain link or equivalent.
    2. Indoor facilities -- Shall be constructed of the same as 1 except the substrate should be of a material that can be cleaned daily and sanitized once per week. Sleeping perches shall be provided so the animal does not have to be on the floor.
  7. Wolverines, honey badgers, American badgers, and hyenas.
    1. Outdoor facilities -- Cage construction materials shall consist of not less than nine-gauge chain link or equivalent.
    2. Indoor facilities -- Shall be constructed of the same as 1 except the substrate should be of a material that can be cleaned daily and sanitized once per week. Sleeping perches shall be provided so the animal does not have to be on the floor.
  8. Ostrich, cassowary, emus, rheas.
    1. Outdoor facilities -- Bounded by a fence of at least six feet in height of not less than 11 1⁄2-gauge chain link or equivalent.
  9. Class III mammals (except spider, woolly, and capuchin monkeys) and Varanidae (except Komodo dragon)
    1. Outdoor facilities--Cage construction materials shall consist of not less than 11/2-gauge wire or strength equivalent material.
    2. Indoor facilities--Rooms may serve as enclosures provided that:
      1. Construction materials equal or exceed the strength equivalent for outside caging.
      2. Potential escape routes are secured, or the animal is supervised to ensure against escape. Shall be constructed of the same as 1 except the substrate should be of a material that can be cleaned daily and sanitized once per week. Sleeping perches shall be provided so the animal does not have to be on the floor.
      3. The size of the room(s) equals or exceeds that required for cages and enclosures.

Standard Caging Requirements for Captive Wildlife

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  1. No captive wildlife shall be confined in any cage or other enclosure which contains more individual animals, or is smaller in dimension than as specified in this section, or is not equipped as specified in this section, or as authorized in accordance with the following:
    1. Requests for deviations from standard caging or enclosure requirements may be granted to allow for different size configuration (length, width and height) if the required square footage is present and if the locomotory needs of the animal(s) are not compromised. Wet or dry moats may be substituted for the required fencing for retaining some species of wildlife. Any proposed deviations from the standard caging or enclosure requirements, or proposals to use wet or dry moats to substitute for fencing, must be approved in writing by UAPPEAL.
  2. Definitions: Where specified in this section, wildlife cages and enclosures shall be equipped to provide for the protection and welfare of the animals. Such equipment includes, but is not limited to:
    1. Shelter, nest box or den: A structure that protects captive wildlife from the elements (weather conditions). Such structures may vary in size depending on the security and biological needs of the species. They are particularly described as follows:
    2. Nest box or den: An enclosed shelter that provides a retreat area within, attached to, or adjacent to or within a cage or enclosure of specified size, which shall provide protection from the elements and from extremes in temperature that are detrimental to the health and welfare of the animal.
      1. Elevated platform or perching area: A surface or structure, either natural or manmade, positioned above the floor, or above the grade level of the cage or enclosure, that will provide a resting area for the animal(s). This should be made of material that can be cleaned and sanitized as needed, kept in good repair, and free from splinters, and made of a material to prevent over heating.
      2. Gnawing and chewing items: Natural or artificial materials that provide for the health of teeth, so as to keep teeth sharp, wear down enamel and promote general oral hygiene. Gnawing items include, but are not limited to, logs and trees. Chewing items include, but are not limited to, woody stems, knuckle bones, and rawhide objects; suitability dependent upon species.
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