USZA Commercial Facility Accreditation Standards (Continued)

Carnivores and Certain Omnivores with Similar Requirements

In addition to requirements of this section, each cage or enclosure shall be equipped with a shelter(s)/nest box(es) large enough to accommodate all the animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each enclosure shall have an accessible device to provide physical stimulation or manipulation compatible with the species. Such device shall be non-injurious, and may include, but is not limited to, boxes, balls, bones, barrels, drums, rawhide, pools, etc.

Wild felines

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  1. African lions and Asian tigers
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 20 feet by 20 feet by 8 feet high, covered enclosure. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) that shall accommodate all animal(s) simultaneously. Each cage shall have a claw log, unless the animal(s) front claws have been removed.
    3. Outdoor cages over 600 square feet (uncovered) shall have vertical jump walls with an overhang at least 10 feet high, with a 2-foot, 45 degree, inward angle overhang and the inward angle fencing shall be made of the same material as the vertical fencing or jump walls without an overhang at least 12 feet high with the top 7 feet being made of 2x4 wire mesh. Wet or dry moats may be substituted for the required fencing provided USZA written approval has been obtained.
  2. Jaguars, leopards, and cougars.
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 20 feet by 20 feet by 8 feet high, covered enclosure. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have a claw log, unless the animal(s) front claws have been removed.
    3. Jaguars, leopards, and cougars shall not be kept in uncovered enclosures except in facilities with wet or dry moats, which have been USZA approved in writing.
  3. Lesser cats (e.g., bobcats, lynx, ocelots, caracal, serval, margay, fishing cats, jungle cats, Teminick's cats, golden cats)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high, covered enclosure. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have a claw log, unless the animal(s) front claws have been removed.
  4. Small cats (e.g., Geoffroy's cats, jaguarundis, leopard cats, wildcats (Felis silvestris), mountain cats, pampas cats, marbled cats, pallas' cats, sand cats, oncilla/tiger cats, black-footed, cats, flat-headed cats, kodkods, rusty-spotted cats)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high , covered enclosure. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have a claw log, unless the animal(s) front claws have been removed.
  5. Cheetahs
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 40 feet by 20 feet, 8 feet high, covered enclosure. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.

Bears

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In addition to the requirements of this section, each cage or enclosure shall be equipped with a shelter(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each enclosure shall have an accessible device to provide physical stimulation or manipulation compatible with the species. Such device shall be noninjurious, and may include, but is not limited to, boxes, balls, bones, barrels, drums, climbing apparatus, foraging items, etc.

  1. Black bears, Asiatic, sloth, spectacled, Sun bears
    1. For one animal, a cage 20 feet by 20 feet, 8 feet high roofed. Outdoor cages over 600 square feet (uncovered) for bears shall have vertical jump walls at least 10 feet high, with a 2-foot, 45 degree, inward angle overhang. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor space.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) for resting. Each cage shall have a 4 foot by 6 foot pool of water, 3 feet deep.
  2. Brown bears (e.g., European, grizzly, Kodiak) and polar bears
    1. For one animal, a cage 30 feet by 30 feet, 10 feet high with vertical jump walls at least 10 feet high, with a 2-foot, 45 degree, inward angle overhang and the inward angle fencing shall be made of the same material as the vertical fencing or jump walls without an overhang at least 12 feet high with the top 7 feet being made of 2x4 wire mesh. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor space.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) for resting. Each cage shall have a 6 foot by 10 foot pool of water, 4 feet deep, except for polar bears, which shall have a 10 foot by 10 foot pool, 5 feet deep.

Raccoons, coati-mundis, olingos, kinkajous, ringtail (cacomistles)

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In addition to the requirements for this section, each cage or enclosure shall have an accessible device to provide physical stimulation or manipulation compatible with the species. Such device shall be noninjurious, and may include, but is not limited to, boxes, balls, mirrors, climbing apparatus, foraging items, etc.

  1. For up to two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high, enclosed top. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor space.
  2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that will accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.

Pandas (red)

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In addition to the requirements for this section, each cage or enclosure shall have an accessible device to provide physical stimulation or manipulation compatible with the species. Such device shall be noninjurious, and may include, but is not limited to, climbing apparatus, foraging/browse items, pools of water, etc.

  1. For one animal, a cage 20 feet by 20 feet by 12 feet high, enclosed top. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
  2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) that will accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
  3. Shelter must be provided at all times to protect animals from excessive heat.

Badgers, weasels and polecats, skunks, fishers, ferrets, otters, wolverines, minks, martins, civets, genets, mongoose, and binturong.

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In addition to the requirements for this section, each cage or enclosure shall have an accessible device to provide physical stimulation or manipulation compatible with the species. Such device shall be non-injurious, and may include, but is not limited to, boxes, balls, PVC tubing, etc. Each cage shall have a shelter(s)/den(s)/nest box(es) that will accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.

  1. Small (e.g., ferrets, weasels, polecats, skunks)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 5 feet by 5 feet, 3 feet high, enclosed top. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall be equipped with chewing items.
  2. Arboreal (e.g., martins, fishers, genets, small or medium civets)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high, enclosed top. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall be equipped with perching areas, climbing apparatus, and chewing items.
  3. Medium (e.g., badger)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high, enclosed top. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have chewing items and an area of sufficient depth to provide for digging.
  4. Large (e.g., wolverine, binturong, African civet
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high, enclosed top. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
  5. Aquatic (e.g., common river otters, sea otters, giant river otter). For sea otters, specifications will be as required by Federal regulations.
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high, enclosed top. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor space.
    2. Each cage shall have a 8 foot by 4 foot pool of water, 2.5 feet deep. For each additional animal, increase pool size by 25 percent of original pool area. Dry resting areas shall be provided.
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