USZA Commercial Facility Accreditation Standards (Continued)

Carnivores and Certain Omnivores with Similar Requirements

In addition to the requirements for this section, each cage or enclosure shall have an accessible device to provide physical stimulation or manipulation compatible with the species. Such device shall be non-injurious, and may include, but is not limited to, boxes, balls, PVC tubing, browse, etc. Each cage shall have shelters or nest box(es) that will accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.

Rodents

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  1. Small aquatic rodents (e.g., Florida water rat, muskrat)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 5 feet by 5 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have a pool of water, 2 feet by 2 feet, 1 foot deep.
    3. Each cage shall have gnawing items.
  2. Medium aquatic rodents (e.g., nutria, mountain beaver)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 8 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor space.
    2. Each cage shall have a pool of water, 3 feet by 2 feet, 2 feet deep.
    3. Each cage shall have gnawing items.
  3. Large aquatic rodents (e.g., capybara, beaver)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor space.
    2. Each cage shall have a 6 foot by 8 foot pool of water, 3 feet deep. For each additional animal, increase the pool size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    3. Each cage shall have gnawing items.
  4. Large rodents (e.g., porcupines, cavies, paca, pacarana, agoutis)
    1. Cavies, paca, pacarana, agoutis and similar sized ground dwelling rodents
      1. For one or animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
      2. Each cage shall have gnawing items.
  5. South and North American porcupines
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have gnawing items, perching areas and climbing apparatus.
  6. Old World porcupines (e.g., crested, bush tailed, and similar sized animals)
    1. For one to two animals, a cage 8 feet by 8 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have gnawing items and browse. Each cage shall also have perching areas and climbing apparatus except for crested porcupines.

Squirrels and tree shrews

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  1. Arboreal squirrels/tree shrews
    1. For up to two animals, a cage 4 feet by 4 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have climbing apparatus and gnawing items.
  2. Terrestrial squirrels
    1. Small prairie dogs, chipmunks
      1. For up to two animals, a cage 4 feet by 4 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
      2. Each cage shall have gnawing items.
    2. Large (e.g., marmots, ground hogs)
      1. For up to two animals, a cage 4 feet by 4 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
      2. Cage floors shall have an area of sufficient depth that provides for digging. Each cage shall have gnawing items.

Wild rabbits, hares, and picas

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  1. For up to two animals, a cage 6 feet by 6 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
  2. Each cage shall have gnawing items.

Wild Canids

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In addition to the requirements of this section, each cage or enclosure shall be equipped with a shelter(s)/den(s) that shall accommodate all the animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each enclosure shall have an accessible device to provide physical stimulation or manipulation compatible with the species. Such device shall be non-injurious, and may include, but is not limited to boxes, balls, bones, barrels, drums, rawhide, pools, etc.

  1. Foxes, small (e.g., Fennec, kit)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 6 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
  2. Foxes, (e.g., red, grey, Arctic, bat eared, bush dogs)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
  3. Wolves (e.g., gray wolf, except red wolf), maned wolf, hyenas, African wild dogs, Cape hunting dogs
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 20 feet by 20 feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
    3. Outdoor cages over 600 square feet (uncovered) shall have vertical jump walls at least 8 feet high, with a 45 degree inward angle overhang 2 feet wide, or, jump walls without an overhang being 10 feet high with the top 5 ft being 2x4 wire mesh.
  4. Coyotes, jackals, Asian wild dogs, red wolves, dingoes
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 20 feet by 10 feet, 6 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have an elevated platform(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
    3. Outdoor cages over 600 square feet (uncovered) shall have vertical jump walls at least 8 feet high with a 45 degree, inward angle overhang 2 feet wide, or jump walls without an overhang being 10 feet high with the top 5 ft being 2x4 wire mesh.

Marsupials

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In addition to requirements of this section, each enclosure shall be equipped with a shelter(s) or nest box(es) that shall accommodate all the animals in the enclosure simultaneously. When vegetation or landscaping is available to serve as protection from the elements, access to a shelter shall also be provided during inclement weather conditions. Such shelter shall be attached to or adjacent to the paddock, habitat, or within the enclosure. Each paddock, habitat, or enclosure shall have an accessible device to provide physical stimulation or manipulation compatible with the species. Such device shall be non-injurious, and may include, but is not limited to, browsing and grazing material. All digging animals should have enclosure walls with an additional 4 feet buried underground.

  1. Kangaroo (e.g., red, grey)
    1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 625 square feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase the cage by 25 percent of original floor area.
  2. Walleroos and large wallabies (e.g., rock wallabies, and similar sized species)
    1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 500 square feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase the cage by 25 percent of original floor area.
  3. Hare wallabies, forest wallabies (e.g., dama, potorros, rat kangaroos, and similar sized species)
    1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 100 square feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase the cage by 25 percent of original floor area.
  4. Tree kangaroos (arboreal)
    1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have horizontal climbing apparatus.
  5. Ringtail opossums, gliders, pygmy possums, brushtail possums, cuscus, bandicoots
    1. Small (e.g., pygmy opossums)
      1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure 3 feet by 3 feet, 6 feet high enclosed, For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor space.
      2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have a horizontal climbing apparatus.
    2. Gliders (e.g., sugar glider, Family Petauridae)
      1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure 3 feet by 3 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
      2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have a horizontal climbing apparatus.
    3. Ringtail possums (Family Pseudocheiridae)
      1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure 4 feet by 4 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
      2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have a horizontal climbing apparatus.
    4. Cuscuses and brushtail possums (Phalangeridae)
      1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure 4 feet by 4 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
      2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have a horizontal climbing apparatus.
    5. Bandicoots
      1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure 4 feet by 4 feet, 6 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
  6. Marsupial carnivores (Dasyuridae)
    1. Small (e.g., 3 striped marsupial mouse)
      1. For one or two animals, a covered cage or enclosure 1 foot by 2 feet, 1 foot high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Large (e.g., Tasmanian tiger cat, Tasmanian devil, marsupial cat)
      1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure 4 feet by 6 feet, 4 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
  7. American (New World) opossums/possums and honey possum
    1. Small (e.g., mouse opossums, honey possum: Tarsipes rostratus)
      1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure 4 feet by 4 feet, 2 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
      2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have horizontal climbing apparatus.
    2. Large (e.g., American, yapok, four-eyed, woolly, bushy-tailed, and similar sized animals)
      1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure 4 feet by 4 feet, 6 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
      2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have horizontal climbing apparatus.
  8. Wombats
    1. For one or two animals, a cage, enclosure, or paddock 10 feet by 10 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
  9. Koalas
    1. Indoor facilities with natural light sources such as windows and skylights shall be provided. Temperature extremes shall be avoided. The ambient temperature shall not be lower than 55F nor exceed 85F.
    2. For one or two animals, a cage, or enclosure, 10 feet by 10 feet, 6 feet high. For each additional animal, increase cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    3. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and horizontal climbing apparatus.
    4. Shade must be provided at all times and such animals must be protected from the heat.

Hedgehogs, tenrecs, and solendons

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  1. For one or two animals, a cage 2 feet by 2 feet, 2 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage length by 50 percent.
  2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.

Edentates (e.g., armadillos, pangolins, anteaters, sloth)

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  1. All armadillos except giant armadillo
    1. For one or two animals, a cage or enclosure, 6 feet by 6 feet, 6 feet high. For each additional animal, increase the cage length by 25 percent.
    2. Cage floors shall include an area of sufficient depth to provide for digging. Each cage shall be provided with a den(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
  2. Giant armadillo
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 12 feet, 6 feet high. For each additional animal, increase the cage length by 25 percent.
    2. Cage floors shall include an area of sufficient depth to provide for digging. Each cage shall be provided with a den(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
  3. Pangolin
    1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet, by 10 feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
    2. Cage floors shall include an area of sufficient depth to provide for digging. Climbing apparatus shall be provided for arboreal species. A pool or tub of water shall be provided that shall accommodate the animal(s). Each cage shall be provided with a den(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
  4. Anteaters and aardvarks
    1. Small anteaters
      1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 10 feet, 8 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage length by 25 percent.
      2. Cage floor shall include an area of sufficient depth to provide for digging. Climbing apparatus shall be provided for arboreal species. Each cage shall be provided with arboreal nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
    2. Giant anteaters and aardvarks
      1. For one or two animals, a cage 10 feet by 12 feet, 6 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage size by 25 percent of original floor area.
      2. Cage floor shall include an area of sufficient depth to provide for digging. Climbing apparatus shall be provided for arboreal species. Each cage shall be provided with a den(s) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously.
  5. Sloth (e.g., two-toed and three-toed)
  6. In addition to the requirements for this section, each cage or enclosure shall have an accessible device to provide physical stimulation or manipulation compatible with the species. Such device shall be noninjurious, and may include, but is not limited to, natural or artificial trees, tree limbs, etc. Each cage shall have a shelter(s) or den(s) or nest box(es).

      1. For one or two animals, a cage 6 feet by 6 feet, 8 feet high enclosed. For each additional animal, increase the cage length by 25 percent.
      2. Each cage shall have perching area(s) and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have horizontal climbing apparatus large enough to accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously running water for drinking.

Bats

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  1. Bats with a wingspread from 2-6 feet
    1. For up to 6 animals, an enclosure 20 feet by 20 feet, 8 feet high enclosed. Each enclosure shall be designed to encourage uninterrupted flight by incorporating a center structure to impede cross flights. The available flight area shall be no less than 1.5 times the wingspread of the largest bat in the enclosure. The center structure may incorporate nest boxes, feeding stations, trees, resting shelves, perches, columns, etc. For each additional animal, increase the enclosure size by 15 percent of the original floor area.
    2. Each cage shall have perching areas and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have climbing apparatus.
  2. Bats with a wingspread less than 2 feet
    1. The enclosure shall be large enough to permit aerial maneuvering within the enclosure.
    2. Each cage shall have perching areas and nest box(es) that shall accommodate all animals in the enclosure simultaneously. Each cage shall have climbing apparatus
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