USZA Commercial Facility Accreditation Standards (Continued)

Odd-and even-toed animals

In addition to the enclosure requirements for this paragraph, each enclosure shall have a shelter(s).

Equids (e.g., zebras, asses) and large non-cusorial bovids (e.g., wild cattle, African buffalo, bison)

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  1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 1,250 square feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase paddock by 25 percent of the original footage.

Cervids (deer family) and cursorial bovids (antelope)

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  1. Large (e.g., elk, sambar, red deer, sable antelope, eland, wildebeest, and deer and antelope of similar size)
    1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 1,250 square feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase paddock by 25 percent of the original footage.
  2. Medium (e.g., white-tailed, fallow, axis, sika, pronghorn, deer and antelope of similar size)
    1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 1,000 square feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase paddock by 25 percent of the original footage.
  3. Small (e.g., roe, dikdik, muntjac, brocket, pudu, Chinese water deer, musk deer, deer and antelope of similar size)
    1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 650 square feet, 6 feet high. For each additional animal, increase paddock by 25 percent of the original footage.

Camelids (e.g., vicuna and guanaco)

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  1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 1250 square feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase paddock by 25 percent of the original footage.

Giraffes, okapi

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  1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 2500 square feet,10 feet high. For each additional animal, increase paddock by 25 percent of the original footage.

Tapirs

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  1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 900 square feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase paddock by 25 percent of the original footage.
  2. Each enclosure shall have a pool of water, 60 square feet, 3 feet deep, equipped with a ramp or steps. For each additional animal, increase pool surface area by 25 percent of original area.

Wild swine (Suidae) and peccaries

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  1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 200 square feet, 6 feet high. For each additional animal, increase paddock by 25 percent of the original footage.

Wild goats/sheep, (Caprinae) (e.g., musk ox, goral, serow, takin)

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  1. For one or two animals, a paddock enclosing 900 square feet, 8 feet high. For each additional animal, increase paddock by 25 percent of the original footage.

Elephants

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  1. Non-performing
    1. For one animal in a non-performing static facility, a paddock enclosing 2,500 square feet, 8 feet high, with access to a shelter. For each additional animal, increase paddock size by 50 percent of the original area. Elephants which are tethered within such enclosure shall be provided with daily unrestrained movement periods, unless daily tethering is necessary due to the following situations:
    2. Elephant needs restraining due to a training period;
    3. Elephant is aggressive toward people or other animals in the compound;
    4. Elephant is undergoing medical treatment or research
    5. Elephant is restrained for security or breeding purposes
    6. Constant tethering shall not exceed 14 days without a written justification from a veterinarian. Tethering shall permit normal postural movement of the elephant.
  2. Performing
    1. For one performing animal, a paddock enclosing not less than 700 square feet, 8 feet high, with access to a shelter. For each additional performing animal, increase paddock size by 50 percent of the original area. Elephants may be tethered in such enclosure, however, such restraint shall permit normal postural movements.
    2. No facility shall utilize the performing elephant paddock dimensions prior to written approval by UAPPEAL. To obtain such approval, the facility shall provide written documentation to UAPPEAL of exercise intervals and scheduled performances. The exercise intervals shall be of such frequency, intensity and duration as to provide for the health and welfare of the animal over an extended period. Such information shall be verifiable by USZA through inspections.
    3. When not kept in a paddock, performing, or being exercised, elephants shall either be (1) tethered, or (2) enclosed by an electric fence under the direct, on site, supervision of at least one qualified trainer/handler in an area not accessible to the public.

Rhinos

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  1. For one animal, a paddock enclosing 2,500 square feet, 5 feet high. For each additional animal, increase the paddock by 50 percent of original paddock area. All caging material must be sufficient for the species.
  2. Access to a shelter shall be provided at all times.

Hippopotamus (e.g., Nile and pygmy)

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  1. Nile
    1. For one animal, a paddock enclosing 2,500 square feet, 5 feet high, with a pool of water, 120 square feet, 5 feet deep, equipped with a ramp or steps. For each additional animal, increase paddock and pool surface area by 50 percent of original area. All caging material must be sufficient for the species.
    2. Access to a shelter shall be provided.
  2. Pygmy
    1. For up to two animals, a paddock enclosing 1200 square feet, 5 feet high, with a pool of water 80 square feet, 3 feet deep, equipped with a ramp or steps. For each additional animal, increase paddock and pool surface area by 25 percent of original area. All caging material must be sufficient for the species.
    2. Access to a shelter shall be provided.
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